If this maths page has 5 sections of maths questions with an average of 7 questions in each section, can you guess how many problems there will be in all? That’s right, there will be a total of 35 year 6 maths questions for us to practise. Without realising it, you just solved one of our first year 6 word problems. Excellent work! Together we will review year 6 maths problems with decimals, fractions, order of operations, and rounding. We will even consider hard maths problems, like multiplying using square models and number lines. Don’t worry about getting the answers right the first time, each section includes answers if you need a sneak peek. So grab a pad and pencil and let’s begin.

Year 6 maths word problems

Let’s begin by covering maths word problems.

Mia’s water bottle can hold 300 millilitres of water. She drinks two and a half water bottles each day. How many total millilitres of water does Mia drink each day?

The playground is made up of four rectangular lots that are each 10 metres by 7 metres. What is the total area of the playground?

Josh lives 2.5 kilometres away from the park. Josh rides his bike to the park and back home four days a week. How many kilometres does Josh ride his bike each week?

In this section, we will cover year six maths questions that include comparing decimals and rounding decimals to the nearest tenth, hundredth, and thousandths place. Let’s get started.

Remember if the number to the right is 5 or larger, you can borrow and become one digit larger. If the number to the right is between 0 and 4, you can’t borrow and the number remains the same.

Arithmetic

In this section, we will review maths questionss for year six that cover the topics of adding and subtracting two and three-digit numbers using transformation, division using area models, and the order of operations.

Adding and subtracting whole numbers by transformation

A large portion of year 6 maths problems can be made easier to solve by transformation or changing numbers to make the problem simpler. Let’s practise adding and subtracting two and three-digit numbers by transformation.

How to add numbers using transformation?

When adding or subtracting numbers, look for ways to round to make the problem simpler. Don’t forget what you do to one number, you have to do the opposite to the other. This makes sure the problem stays balanced. Let’s see how this is done. What is 48 + 52? 48 + 2 = 50

52 – 2 = 50

50 + 50 = 100.

It may be difficult to add 48 + 52 in your head, so we round 48 to 50 by adding 2. Since we added 2 to the first number, we have to make sure to subtract 2 from the second number. So now the problem is 50 plus 50, which is much easier to calculate!

Many people remember the Order of Operations with the acronym PEMDAS- “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally”, with each letter representing an operation: Parentheses, Exponents, Multiply or Divide, Add or Subtract. Solve the following equations using the order of operations.

Remember that the steps Multiply or Divide can be done in any order. Also, the steps Add or Subtract can be done in any order, do the operation that comes first.

Multiplication

Some of the hardest maths questions involve multiplying: multiplying using square models, multiplying fractions and whole numbers using expanded form, and multiplying fractions using number lines. Let’s practise a few of each!

Multiplying using square models

Multiplying using square models is a method to help students “see” multiplication problems in a simpler way.

For more maths practice for year 6, our app for maths help provides year 6 maths help in a way that makes maths fun, rewards effort over being correct, and scaffolds learning. Plus, you’ll get access to a dashboard that displays your child’s participation and progression on maths topics they struggle with. Check it out today!

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Explanation: The area of one lot is 10 x 7 = 70 metres. Take that area and times it by four, so 70 x 4 = 280 metres.

Josh rides 20 kilometres on his bike each week.

Explanation: Each day Josh rides 5 total kilometres: 2.5 kilometres to the park and 2.5 kilometres back home. If we multiply that number by 4 days a week, it equals 20 kilometres in all.

Writing numbers answer sheet

2 is in the hundreds place.

0 is in the tens place.

2 is in the ones place.

Division using area models answer sheet

Multiplying using square models answer sheet

Multiplying fractions and whole numbers using expanded form answer sheet

Multiplying fractions using a number line answer sheet

Explanation – First divide the number line into 6 equal parts and draw up a line up to 4/6. Then find the ½ way mark of that line you drew up to 4/6. You will now see the line is divided into three parts. So the answer would be ⅓.

Lesson credits

Amber Watkins

Amber is an education specialist with a degree in Early Childhood Education. She has over 12 years of experience teaching and tutoring students in maths. "Knowing that my work in maths education makes such an impact leaves me with an indescribable feeling of pride and joy!"

Amber Watkins

Amber is an education specialist with a degree in Early Childhood Education. She has over 12 years of experience teaching and tutoring students in maths. "Knowing that my work in maths education makes such an impact leaves me with an indescribable feeling of pride and joy!"

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