# How to teach multiplication

Learn how to teach multiplication facts in an easy, effective way with these tips from a maths tutor.

Author
Amber Watkins

Published
May 2024

# How to teach multiplication

Learn how to teach multiplication facts in an easy, effective way with these tips from a maths tutor.

Author
Amber Watkins

Published
May 2024

# How to teach multiplication

Learn how to teach multiplication facts in an easy, effective way with these tips from a maths tutor.

Author
Amber Watkins

Published
May 2024

Key takeaways

• We will review 5 simple steps of how to teach multiplication and mini activities you can practise with your multiplier right away
• Throughout the article we will talk about the best maths app for learning multiplication and why this supplemental tool might just be the answer you were looking for
• Finally, we will go over some extra tips on how to teach multiplication to struggling students

Multiplication skills are the building blocks of maths education.

Parents and educators agree on how important it is to help our children get it right. That is why when it comes to multiplication, tutoring requests come flooding in my door.

Don’t fret! There’s no need to call an emergency tutor. Teaching multiplication can start at home and support can continue at home with the right tools—and with YOU!

In this guide, I’ll share my best tutoring tips on how to teach kids multiplication at home simply and effectively.

## How to teach multiplication in 5 easy steps

3. Teach your child to find the total by counting & adding

4. Have fun exploring the multiplication chart and making observations!

5. Practise common multiplication patterns & rules

These steps on how to teach kids multiplication can be used by:

• Parents teaching their children multiplication who are beginners
• Parents wanting to find out how to teach multiplication facts
• Teachers who are making lesson plans on how to teach multiplication to struggling students

Let’s see how we can be the expert in teaching our children & students multiplication!

### Step 1: Start by putting multiplication into words

I’ve found that helping students understand what multiplication means and putting it into words helps them later understand how it’s done.

We’ve all seen basic multiplication facts like 3 x 5 = 15 and 4 x 2 = 8, but how can we explain what it means? Multiplication means grouping. Help your child learn to write this in words.

The first number in the multiplication sentence represents the number of groups. The second number in the multiplication sentence represents the amount in each group.

Here are two examples of writing multiplication facts as words:

1 x 7 means one group of seven

2 x 8 means two groups of eight

### Step 2: Encourage drawing pictures to add meaning to multiplication

Pictures are brilliant aids in helping children understand multiplication. Without pressure to solve the multiplication sentence, ask your child to draw the picture it represents.

Here an example of the multiplication problem 6 x 5 drawn as a picture:

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## Sample questions

### Step 3: Demonstrate how to calculate the total by counting & adding

The total of the multiplication sentence can be found in two ways: by counting or adding.

Counting each item and finding the total amount is a great start for beginners! I would recommend starting with this method first. Adding each group together is the more advanced way to find the total. It should be your aim to help your child progress to adding groups rather than only counting, like the example below:

3 x 6 = 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18

### Step 4: Have fun exploring the multiplication chart

Spend some time with your child looking over our multiplication chart. Ask questions and allow your child to make observations.

Why is it an important step? Patterns found in a multiplication chart are often associated with rules of multiplication.

Try This! While looking at a multiplication chart together, ask your child:

• “What patterns do the numbers in each row have in common?”
• “What do you see happens when numbers are multiplied by 1 or 0?”
• “What other patterns can you find?”

### Step 5: Now it's time to teach your child common multiplication rules

Here are some of the most common rules for learning multiplication, aka properties of multiplication, that I like to teach right away. Show your child a few examples for each rule. You’ll be surprised how quickly your child will pick up the pattern.

• Property of one: When you group things by 1 or multiply numbers by 1, you end up with the same number. For example, 1 x 7 = 7.
• Property of zero: When you make zero groups of any number the answer is always zero. For example, 9 x 0 = 0.
• Communicative property: You can write the same multiplication problem in a different order and still get the same answer. For example, 5 x 2 = 10 is the same as 2 x 5 = 10.

## Practise multiplication with DoodleMaths!

DoodleMaths is an award-winning app that’s filled with thousands of questions and games exploring multiplication, division and more! Plus, get free access to DoodleTables with any DoodleMaths subscription!

Designed by teachers, it creates each child a unique work programme tailored to their needs, doubling their progression with just 10 minutes of use a day. Try it for free!

## How to teach multiplication to struggling students

What if despite your best efforts, your child is still struggling to multiply? Here are a few tips that I’ve found to be effective when helping struggling students with multiplication.

1. Practise Skip Counting Focus on counting by the harder numbers like 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9. If your child misses a number, encourage adding to find the next number in the sequence.
2. Encourage Writing Multiplication Facts Daily Memorisation is one of the best methods of how to teach multiplication facts. Have your child practise writing all the multiplication facts for one number each day and read them out loud after they write them.
3. Play multiplication games – Game-based learning has been proven to have many benefits to a child’s maths development. Stay connected with us by using our maths app that will tailor your child’s gaming experience to their skill level and will continue to challenge them as they continue to improve.

## What’s next in multiplication for your child?

As your child progresses with multiplication you may be wondering what’s next. Soon they will learn how to do long multiplication, how to multiply decimals, and many other properties of multiplication

In the meantime, stick to the basics we discussed. Don’t feel discouraged if you have to revisit some of these tips in the future. A sign of a great teacher is a child coming back with more questions.

Lesson credits

Amber Watkins

Amber is an education specialist with a degree in Early Childhood Education. She has over 12 years of experience teaching and tutoring primary school through university level maths. "Knowing that my work in maths education makes such an impact leaves me with an indescribable feeling of pride and joy!"

Amber Watkins

Amber is an education specialist with a degree in Early Childhood Education. She has over 12 years of experience teaching and tutoring primary school through university level maths. "Knowing that my work in maths education makes such an impact leaves me with an indescribable feeling of pride and joy!"

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