# Year 6 maths curriculum

What students need to know by the end of the Year 6 maths curriculum as they prepare for Year 7 and secondary school.

Author
Mhairi Sim

Published
March 2024

# Year 6 maths curriculum

What students need to know by the end of the Year 6 maths curriculum as they prepare for Year 7 and secondary school.

Author
Mhairi Sim

Published
March 2024

# Year 6 maths curriculum

What students need to know by the end of the Year 6 maths curriculum as they prepare for Year 7 and secondary school.

Author
Mhairi Sim

Published
March 2024

Key takeaways

• Goodbye primary school: Year 6 is the final year of primary school and of the KS2 curriculum
• There are nine key areas covered in the Year 6 maths curriculum
• In May, Year 6 students sit a statutory SAT maths assessment

If you have a child who’s entering Year 6, it’s probably hard for you to believe that their primary school journey is coming to an end! This year, your learner will be finishing off the Key Stage 2 curriculum in preparation for starting Key Stage 3 in their first year of secondary school.

With that in mind, it’s no surprise that there’s a lot that’s packed into the Year 6 maths national curriculum. Being clued up on exactly what your learners will be expected to know by the end of the year is the best way to be reassured that they’re covering all their bases and ready for secondary school!

## What’s covered in the Year 6 maths curriculum?

Following the maths curriculum, Year 6 students will cover a total of nine different areas of maths including:

• Number
• Place value
• Multiplication and division
• Fractions (including decimals and percentages)
• Ratio and proportion
• Algebra
• Measurement
• Geometry
• Statistics

Let’s take a closer look at what your learners will cover in each of these areas.

### Number

Your children will be well used to working with numbers across the four operations (+, –, ÷, x) by now. In the Year 6 maths curriculum they’ll apply these skills to more complicated numbers, including fractions.

#### Place Value

Throughout their KS1 and KS2 journeys, learners have been building their skills to identify place values and work with increasingly large numbers.

By the end of Year 6, they’ll be able to work with numbers up to 10,000,000, being able to read, write, and order these numbers. They’ll also know how to round them to the nearest given place and have an awareness of how to use negative numbers.

As your learners work through the Year 6 maths national curriculum, they’ll use their already well-developed knowledge of addition and subtraction to support them.

They’ll solve multi-step problems, deciding which operations to use and implementing a range of written and mental strategies along the way. Additionally, they’ll also be taught to use estimation in order to check their answers.

#### Multiplication and division

Last year your learners were taught long multiplication and this year they’ll expand their skills further as they learn to multiply multi-digit numbers (up to 4 digits by 2 digits).

They’ll be introduced to long division this year and will be expected to work with remainders as whole numbers or decimal fractions.

The Year 6 maths national curriculum will also see them practise using a range of mental strategies to multiply and divide large numbers.

Finally, by the end of Year 6 learners will also be expected to know about common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.

#### Fractions (including decimals and percentages)

The topic of fractions is probably one of the trickiest areas of maths that your learners cover throughout their school lives!

As your learners finish Year 6 they’ll be expected to know how to:

Find equivalencies between simple fractions, decimals, and percentages (e.g. 14 = 0.25 = 25%)

### Ratio and proportion

As they work through their national curriculum maths Year 6 students will cover ratio and proportion. This is one of two new topics that your children didn’t cover in Year 5.

They’ll already have built a lot of the skills they’ll use here in other topic areas, but here learners will combine them to solve a range of problems by:

• Calculating percentages of a given number or value (e.g. 35% of 200)
• Using their knowledge of multiplication and division facts to find missing values and explore equal and unequal sharing

Students will also explore shape problems where they will be given certain properties and then use scale factors to work out the remaining values.

### Algebra

The second of the two new subjects within the maths curriculum Year 6 learners are introduced to is algebra.

As with ratio and proportion, students will already have made a good start in this area! They’ll have practised inverse operations, used function machines, and will have experience solving missing number problems.

In Year 6 they’ll continue their learning by using simple formulae to solve a range of problems:

• Generating and describing linear number sequences
• Solving missing number problems by using letters in place of the missing number
• Finding pairs of numbers that complete an equation with two missing values

### Measurement

The second of the two new subjects within the maths curriculum Year 6 learners are introduced to is algebra.

As with ratio and proportion, students will already have made a good start in this area! They’ll have practised inverse operations, used function machines, and will have experience solving missing number problems.

In Year 6 they’ll continue their learning by using simple formulae to solve a range of problems:

• Generating and describing linear number sequences
• Solving missing number problems by using letters in place of the missing number
• Finding pairs of numbers that complete an equation with two missing values

### Geometry

#### Properties of shapes

As they work through the Year 6 maths curriculum, learners will be taking a closer look at the properties of 2-D and 3-D shapes, including their angles. They’ll be taught to:

• Draw 2-D shapes to specific dimensions and angles
• Identify the nets of 3-D shapes and construct them
• Compare different geometric shapes and use their properties to classify them accordingly
• Calculate the angles in triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygons
• Be able to name and label the different parts of a circle such as radius, diameter and circumference
• Recognise and measure a range of angles, solving problems to identify the value of a missing angle

#### Position and direction

Your students will also develop their skills in describing positions on a coordinate grid. In Year 6 this extends to all four quadrants, which will include using negative values.

Using coordinates, they’ll then be able to draw and translate simple shapes, reflecting them in the axes.

### Statistics

Having already spent time working with a range of different charts, graphs and tables, in Year 6 learners will be taught how to interpret and construct their own pie charts and line graphs.

In addition to this, they’ll learn when and how to calculate the mean (or average) of a set of numbers or data.

Did you know?

DoodleMaths is standards-aligned to the national KS2 maths curriculum. With our maths app, your child can practise Year 6 maths problems & play fun maths games anytime!

## How will my child be assessed?

In May, your Year 6 learners will need to complete an end of Key Stage 2 SAT maths assessment. The test is a statutory requirement and the results are used to monitor pupil attainment and compare school performance

These assessments are used as a way to check that students have a good grasp of the basic skills they’ve covered during their primary school years. The results can then be used in Year 7 to identify where your child might need extra support.

Children will receive a score between 80 and 120, with 100 representing the average level for the Key Stage:

• If a child receives a score of or over 100 it means that they are performing at or above the average for that stage
• If a child receives a score under 100 it means that might require some support to meet the expected standard for Key Stage 2

## How can I help my child with maths at home?

With the SATs looming, it’s important to give your learners lots of opportunities to hone their mathematical skills. There are lots of great ways to offer students in Year 6 maths help

These 35 Year 6 maths questions are a great place to start – they’ll give you a good idea of how your child is performing in each of the different topic areas, helping you know which area to target first!

Our maths app is an award-winning resource that’s fully aligned with the Year 6 maths curriculum. It offers students a fun programme filled with exciting games and maths-based practice that’s completely tailored to them!

There’s certainly a lot going on in the Year 6 national maths curriculum. Children are finishing up the Key Stage 2 curriculum, coming to the end of their primary school journey, and preparing for the SATs in May.

It’s sure to be a challenging year for them. By ensuring your child is covering the standards we’ve outlined here, we’re sure it’ll be a great year for them as they prepare for Year 7 and secondary school!

Lesson credits

Mhairi Sim

Mhairi is an experienced teacher, freelance writer and parent. After completing her bachelor's degree in Psychology, she graduated as a teacher from the University of Strathclyde. She then built experience teaching across KS1 and KS2 throughout the UK. In addition to working in mainstream education, Mhairi specialised in the additional support needs sector, including social, emotional, and behavioural support.

Mhairi

Mhairi is an experienced teacher, freelance writer and parent. After completing her bachelor's degree in Psychology, she graduated as a teacher from the University of Strathclyde. She then built experience teaching across KS1 and KS2 throughout the UK. In addition to working in mainstream education, Mhairi specialised in the additional support needs sector, including social, emotional, and behavioural support.

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